There are many factors that can affect the lifespan of a car tyre. Poor maintenance, minor accidents and the continual stop and start motion, all create wear. With the right care and attention to the tyres, you can increase longevity and have a smooth driving experience coupled with a better fuel economy.
Prolonging wear won’t stop it altogether so the owner should also think about the vehicle type and overall speed. Any tire clocking in over 50,000km should be checked and replaced as standard.
Before learning about the care and maintenance of tyres it is useful to understand the functions of tyres in vehicles. Some of the important functions performed by the tyres are:
Provide movement to the vehicle being part of the transmission system
Help in the maneuver of the vehicle being also part of the suspension system
Provide stability to the vehicle
Help in the application of brakes when required
It may be noted that tyres perform a very crucial role in the operation of a vehicle and therefore merit the best of maintenance for the safety and security of the vehicle as well as of passengers.
Tyre maintenance is basically done at two levels i.e. by the owner and by the technicians in a garage or workshop.
At the owner level, a tyre log must be maintained which should contain data regarding date of purchase and commissioning of tyres, dates of wheel balancing and wheel alignment, and record of wheel rotation etc.
The other responsibilities of the owner regarding tyre care are:
Checking Tyre pressure every day including visual inspection for any damage
Keeping tyres clean at all times
Avoid driving through rough and rocky surfaces
Ensure the periodical rotation of tyres for even wear and tear
Never drive vehicles with low air pressure tyres
Always ensure availability of a spare tyre in the vehicle
Never keep your vehicle parked for a longer duration on tyres
All tyres in a vehicle must be of the same sizes and specifications
Some of the tyre maintenance jobs may be beyond the capability of the owner for which a visit to garage or workshop may be warranted. Maintenance jobs for which technical support may be needed include some or all of the following:
Low air pressure in tyres. This may be ascertained through visible inspection or use of air pressure gage